During the season of rains in certain regions of Japan, the forests begin to fill with small lights: in the trunks of the trees and the humid ground hundreds of bioluminescent fungi grow, that thanks to a chemical reaction produced by an enzyme, emit a light that shines in a greenish tone.
The reason of the phenomenon of the bioluminescent fungi not yet has been explained scientifically, although according to the theory, it thinks that it is an answer to the survival necessity: when shining, they attract insects that help to disperse esporas in an atmosphere where the dispersion by wind is very limited.
The luminescent fungi, grow only in the native forests with many trees, where the human beings have interfered very little, reason why its discovery is relatively, quite recent.
The phenomenon of luminescent fungi takes place between end of May to July in the forests of the Mesameyama island in Ugui, in the Prefecture of Wakayama, although also they have been exemplary in coastal zones of the south of the peninsula of Kii, in Kyushu and other regions. Thousands of visitors realise nocturnal visits guided by the forests of Masameyama to be bewildered itself with the spectacle.
Only in Japan, 10 varieties of luminescent fungi exist. Although small, the fungi live a few days and can conform a true “constellation” that seems to imitate in a very small scale the starred sky. The species of the images knows like Mycena lux-coeli, something as well as “fungi of celestial light”. Other varieties of bioluminescent fungi exist that grow in the forests to the south of Brazil (Jack Mushroom), able to emit light the day throughout.